What is Aquaculture?
Aquaculture also known as aquaculture farming or aquafarming is the process of farming aquatic creatures such as molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. In addition of shellfish such as mussels and oysters. Under specific conditions, Aquaculture include farming saltwater and freshwater. Aquaculture farming report a global output which cover one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans worldwide.
Legal Definition: The culture or husbandry of marine organisms by any person. Storage or any other form of impounding or holding of wild marine organisms, without more, shall not qualify as aquaculture. In order to qualify as aquaculture a project must involve affirmative action by the lessee to improve the growth rate or quality of the marine organism.
History of Aquaculture Farming:
When we dive in the history, we found that aquaculture has been used in australia nearby 6000 BC for elevating eels. In China, there are proofs that the industry of aqua farming has been used around 2500 BC. After river floods, fishes such as carp were captured in lakes and fed up with nymphs and silkworm feces.
Aquaculture Farming Production:
The total production of fisheries is over than 150 million tonnes per year, with 18 million tonnes of Carps and other cyprinids, 5 million tonnes of Oysters and 4.5 million tonnes Clams, Cockles and Ark shells. The rest is for Shrimps, Prawns, Salmons, Trouts, Smelts, Mussels, Tilapias and other Cichlids and Scallops.
In the top list of aquaculture producer countries we found that the industry of aquaculture farming is considered as a major economic activity in China.
The Chinese Bureau of Fisheries reports a grow of about 17% yearly to reach 70% of the total world production, followed by some other Asian countries like India, Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia.
Nowadays Aquaculture Practices:
Aquaculture is also currently one of the fastest growing fields of food production in the United States of America. Approximately 90% of all U.S. shrimp consumption is farmed and imported. In recent years Salmon aquaculture has become a major export in southern Chile, especially in Puerto Montt, Chile’s fastest-growing city.